Although beauty is subjective, there seems to be a universal standard when it comes to facial proportions and attractiveness. Standing right in the middle, eyes get a lot of attention and discussion as to what they should look like. Double eyelids are recognised as more beautiful than monolids because they have a better definition. The presence of an eyelid crease on the upper part of the eye is what makes the peepers so attractive, according to numerous studies. We will continue to delve into this topic, as we divulge how different cultural groups view single and double eyelids. Read on.
What Is a Double Eyelid Type?
Technically speaking, the term double lid refers to an upper eyelid that comes with a fold above the lash line, also known as supratarsal crease. It is prevalent around the world. The opposite of that is a monolid, or single eyelid. Monolids are in the minority and they are more common in people of Southeast Asian descent like Chinese, Singaporean, South Korean, etc. Aside from that, there are folks who happen to have one single upper eyelid and one double eyelid, which could interfere with their notion of attractiveness.
Whatever your case is, it is important to understand that all types of eyelids are perfectly normal and beautiful per se. One should not be judged based on their facial features or ethnic backgrounds. There is nothing unusual with single and double eyelid in medical terms. Either option is fine and it’s typically a feature that runs in the family. Eye shape and the presence of eyelid crease are totally individual. As long as they are healthy, eye looks are a matter of preference. That being said, when it comes to pure attractiveness, it seems that some types are more popular than others.
Single Eyelid Type vs Double Eyelids
As opposed to double eyelids, monolids lack that crease above the lash line that gives the eyes more depth and allows for a variety of eye makeup looks. That’s not to say they are not attractive. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder and everyone is entitled to their own preferences. For those who are not okay with having monolids, a cosmetic minimally-invasive procedure called upper blepharoplasty can help add the coveted eyelid crease that will make all the difference.
This eyes treatment is performed across the globe but, it seems, with a different objective in mind. Asians go under the knife to reduce what comes off as a lack of brightness and emotions (according to their own comments) that monolids are believed to create. By contrast, Caucasians resort to blepharoplasty to eliminate excess fat and strengthen the upper eyelid muscles so they can see and feel better about themselves, research reveals.
It’s also used to minimise the signs of ageing. Over time, the skin above the eyes begins to sag under the pressure of gravity. Not only does it obstruct vision partially but it gives away one’s advanced age more readily.
Speaking of, the age at which double eyelid surgery is typically carried out is another staggering distinction between different cultures. East Asians were found to go to cosmetic clinics as young as 18 years of age, with some parents taking their kids to the surgeon earlier than that. By contrast, Caucasians schedule an appointment with a surgeon much later in life.
Some Asian American parents book their daughters with eye surgery because they see this as a social credential. Others use cosmetic surgery to mark the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Everybody has their own reasoning behind this act.
There is this notion that East Asian folks jump on the plastic surgery waggon to make their facial features resemble those of Caucasians because of negative stereotyping. However, according to different studies, some Asians like Chinese women who seek out double eyelid surgery don’t really want to part with their ethnic identity and oftentimes request for a procedure that would keep said eye features but would enhance their appearance a bit.
Furthermore, some Asian participants admit they associate their monolids with “passivity” and “dullness”, which is why they have resorted to a medical aesthetician in the first place. Most Chinese women desire to be able to express a large spectrum of emotions with their faces. Others are bombarded with inappropriate comments about their eyelid shape.
For example, a woman of Chinese descent who grew up in London let out she had to address discriminating comments about her eyes since early childhood. They kept asking her if she could see as much as a white person would. Luckily for her, most of her Asian friends did not get the surgical procedure and so she never really felt the pressure that some of her peers had encountered.
Truth is, a large number of Asians are monolided. If we had to put it in numbers, we would say approximately 50% of East and Southeast Asians either have a minimal supratarsal crease or no eyelid crease at all. Since the majority of people on earth are born with double eyelids, it is considered a somewhat beauty standard among Western cultures.
This creates the desire to turn monolids into double eyelids via the methods of surgery and is especially applicable in Singapore, South Korea, and China. Asian Americans don’t fall behind either. That being said, not everyone covets to have double eyelids. Some people embrace their facial features as part of their identity and wouldn’t turn back on them or westernise their appearance to fit better.
How The Presence of Absence of Supratarsal Crease is Seen by Different Cultural Groups
In a study by the Aesthetic Surgery Journal, photographs of 19 different Chinese women were collected and their eyes enhanced using computer imaging software to produce three different outcomes. The first one aimed at the creation of low upper eyelid creases, the second gave the models medium creases, and the third one went even higher.
Then, the photographs of the enhanced Chinese eyes were shown to both Chinese and non-Chinese users across the Internet and then rated by them based on the level of attractiveness via a digital survey tool. 264 of 409 surveys were completed in total. The observers, both men and women, were divided into subgroups based on their ethnic backgrounds. A few conclusions were drawn from their comments and rates.
According to the self-identified white participants, the lack of upper eyelid crease was considered the least appealing. When it came down to eyelid position and eyelid height, the middle-height eyelid crease was perceived as the most alluring of low, middle, and high variations. Those who were exposed to the Western world and were therefore influenced by existing beauty ideals also gave the middle-height crease the highest score, whereas they deemed the absence of crease on the skin as the least attractive.
Now, in terms of sex, the same thing happened. Both men and women regarded the absent crease as the least beautiful. The winner was the middle-height crease over the eyes, as always.
Another thing to take into account is that more Chinese-speaking individuals supported the idea of having double eyelid surgery than the English-speaking or Asian American observers.
Lastly, the surveyees were asked to share their thoughts on upper eyelid blepharoplasty. The majority of them responded they had heard of the term double eyelid surgery before. 68.4% of the Chinese-based survey confirmed they knew at least one person (family, friends, or co-workers) who has had the treatment as opposed to 40.1% of the English-based survey who did not know of any people like that.
In conclusion, both Chinese and non-Chinese participants seem to consider that double eyelids are attractive, with the middle-height variation coming off as the most popular type among them all. Monolids, on the other hand, are perceived as the least alluring on the attractiveness scale regarding the eyes.
What Does Double Eyelid Surgery Consist of?
Like every cosmetic procedure, blepharoplasty seeks to alter certain features and in this case it is the lack of crease on the upper eyelid. It helps patients change the appearance of their eyes. It also helps them look more alert. There are surgical and non-surgical ways to do that.
The former method, which is also referred to as the incisional techniques, works best if you need some fat and tissue removed from the eyes and are interested in more permanent results. Stitches are used to close the incisions around the eye lines. They have to be taken out in a few days post-op. The results are visible right away.
In comparison, the non-incisional surgery types of adding double eyelids, also dubbed buried suture technique, is reversible. Instead of openings, small punctures are made into the skin just along the eyelid lash line. Thin sutures are inserted through these and tightened so that a crease forms. They are not removed from the face as they get absorbed by the system over time.
Needless to say, after the surgery procedure, the eyes are irritated, sensitive, and bruised. Swelling is normal to occur in this part of the face but it is supposed to go away after a few days. The results will be observed at this point.
What Alternatives to Blepharoplasty Surgery are There?
The desire for a double eyelid crease has opened a niche in the market for many types of eyelid glue and tapes. Their purpose is to create a temporary eyelid crease. Basically, they come in the form of transparent strips that are attached to the skin of the upper eyelid.
What’s great about them is that they can help people who are about to go through plastic surgery figure out if this is something they really want. In reality, many people are scared to get near a scalpel and the idea of using something so effortless and painless like eyelid strips is nothing but appealing.
For others, the results that these products yield are not satisfactory enough. Plus, they have to be applied every single day which can be time-consuming and nerve-wracking. It’s not uncommon to get skin irritation and redness around the eyes with too much use. Not to mention, one can have an allergic reaction to any glue, even though it was specifically designed to be used on the face. One should not forget that eyelids and eyes as a whole are pretty delicate.
Can Upper Eyelid Crease Disappear?
It sounds a bit surprising but yes, double eyelids can disappear due to thick skin, lose skin, or ptosis (drooping of the eyelids). Even small changes in the thickness and texture of the skin on the upper eyelid could cause a loss of the fold in addition to other alterations. It will also affect the postoperative recovery after double eyelid surgery, especially the swelling part.
Many other factors can be involved in the loss of double eyelids such as stress, water retention, and lack of sleep. People with monolids who happen to have a mild crease on the eyelids might lose it altogether for a few days depending on their routine. Dehydration and water retention can cause swelling in the face and produce unexpected results. This usually resolves on its own. In that case, temporary eyelid tape can help even out the look.
Future Discussions about Double Eyelids and Eye Shapes
It is difficult to say why some Asians resort to double eyelid surgery, whether to appeal to a Western beauty ideal or to seek their own unique beauty standard. One thing is for sure, the creation of a double eyelid crease is the most demanded treatment in Asia followed by rhinoplasty. Thus, patient motivation needs to be carefully and diligently examined prior to the eye procedure. Whether it is nasty comments that they are getting or a desire for a change of appearance.
For that to happen, surgeons ought to counsel patients on their expectations and educate them on all aspects of the manipulation, including possible complications and unsightly outcomes, among other things.
A staff physician should not try to dissuade or persuade individuals to go under the knife, as the final decision always lies in the hands of the patient themselves while a doctor’s job is to guide and inform them throughout the entire journey. The preference data from the above surveys could help eye surgery specialists provide more adequate advice during their encounters with people willing to go under the knife.
Last but not least, women and men should always search for the best surgery experts in their area because this is a procedure that requires plenty of skills and expertise in order to turn out well. A certified specialist who knows what they are doing wants the best for their patients and never rushes them into any treatments. They know that any type of surgery carries risk and should make people aware of it before proposing any kind of manipulation.